Trucking Companies in Canada
The citizens of Canada want to drive trucks for the benefits, which include more than just a good paycheck. One of the main reasons to drive a truck in Canada is the travel benefits; as a truck driver you can travel across the entire country of Canada or even venture out of Canada and down into the United States. In fact, while it has not always been easy for trucks to pass into other provinces or international land, a truck driver can travel all over North America.
Canada’s use of the trucking industry dates back to the Canadian War. The war created momentum for the industry because a huge need for raw resources arose. Canada’s entire transportation system was burdened by manufactured goods, ships, aircraft and other vehicles. Due to the development of a labour shortage in the trucking industry, trucking carriers requested that the federal government declare that the trucking industry was essential to the war effort. The Canadian trucking industry became recognized as a valuable part of commercial transportation. When the war was over, the trucking industry became the most vital element of Canada’s transportation system.
In 1954, a Privy Council gave the Canadian federal government the power to regulate the trucking industry. This decision was applied to cases in which a truck crossed over provincial or international boundaries during its journey. Since there was no federal regulating instrument in place, the question of jurisdiction was returned to the provinces. The rule was that each province would affect the laws in the same way for both intraprovincial and extraprovincial traffic. This vague directive caused an economic ruling to progress into extensive differences between the provinces. Whenever a for-hire truck is used by a trucking company, there are specific federal rules that replace the rules of the province. The federal government is still in charge of regulating all safety principles.
Canada has fifty-two metropolitan areas that the common-carrier industry services. These metropolitan areas have a population of over 50,000 with smaller areas of 4250. These regions, as well as any US cities that have a population of at least 47,000, are reached by either direct service to shippers or by way of service from one carrier to another. This is how products are transported by land until they reach the point of final delivery. The shipper/consignee is liable for paying freight charges. The carrier then gathers these funds and distributes them equally among all the participating carriers. The carrier revenue totals were approximately $9.99 billion in 1992.
Canadian for-hire trucks carry five specific commodities. These commodities are sand, gravel, crude stone, pulpwood chips, logs and bolts, lumber, sawn timber, and fuel oil. Carriers that specialize in long-distance hauls promise that when a shipment leaves Toronto, it will arrive in Vancouver 70 hours later.
The Canadian trucking industry not only does business in Canada, but also in the United States.
An estimated 70% of all manufactured goods moved between Canada and the United States are transported by truck. When in the United States, carriers must adhere to all regulations set forth by both Canada and the United States.